Get checked checkbox values only from HTML form with JavaScript

OpenJavaScript 0

Last updated: December 13, 2022.

Getting checked checkbox values from a form requires a little more programming than simply getting form values using the FormData(form) approach. This standard approach would return all checkbox values with a value of either true or false for each.

The approach we use below will store the values of checked checkboxes only in an array that can then be stored as a property value on a JavaScript object or in an array of arrays (entries).

Below is the HTML form we’ll be using in this example. For realism, other inputs exist on the form:


  <div class="names">
    First name<br>
    <input type="text" name="first-name"><br>
    Last name<br>
    <input type="text" name="last-name"><br>

  <div class="skills">
    <input type="checkbox" value="HTML">HTML<br>
    <input type="checkbox" value="CSS">CSS<br>
    <input type="checkbox" value="JavaScript">JavaScript<br>

  <button type="submit">Submit</button>


The solution below is to push only those checkbox values that a user has selected into a new array and then append this to a FormData object.

Because the data on a FormData object is stored in array-like format, it can be converted to a proper array with Array.from() or a JavaScript object using Object.fromEntries():

const form = document.querySelector('form');

form.addEventListener('submit', (e) => {

  // Prevents HTML submission and page refresh

  const fd = new FormData(form);
  // Attaches all elements in form with name attribute to new FormData object

  let skills = [];
  // Creates array into which skills will be pushed if checked
  document.querySelectorAll('[type="checkbox"]').forEach(item => {
  // Iterates through all checkbox elements
    if (item.checked === true) {
      // Pushes checkbox value into skills array if checked

  fd.append('skills', JSON.stringify(skills));
  // Stringify array to JSON and append to FormData object

  // Prints result as object

  // Prints result as array


Don't forget to include the name attribute on the other form inputs! Otherwise, they won't be appended to the formData when calling new FormData(form).

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